Small Spanish Wine Dictionary
The Spanish wine law is among the strictest in the world. Each label must give detailed information about the wine.
Cava: Protected name for quality sparkling wines produced by traditional fermentation in the bottle.
Blanco: White wine
Rosado: Rosé wine
Tinto: Red wine
Crianza: Red wines in this category are at least one year in oak and one year matured in the bottle. Only from the third year on it is allowed to trade this wine. White wines mature six months in oak and six months in bottle. They are sold from the second year on.
Reserva: These wines are at least four years old. A year maturity in the barrel and two years bottle aging are mandatory for red wines. White wines mature six months in barrel and two years on the bottle.
Gran Reserva: Only red wines from the best vintages are selected for that category. The wines mature for at least two years in oak barrels and three years on the bottle.
Denomination of Origin (D.O.): Protected Designation of Origin for quality wines from a particular region.
Denomination of origin (D.O.C.): Qualified, registered designation of origin (currently only for the DOC Rioja).
Consejo Regulador: Independent Control Council to monitor compliance with quality criteria, from cultivation to bottling the control number and the seal of approval of the Regulatory Board on the back label or cork seals guarantee the recognized quality of DO wines
Bodega: Wine store, winery or a company that deals with the manufacture or shipment of wine
Cosecha: Harvest or vintage
Barrique: Oak barrel
Joven: Young wine,not matured in oak barrels.
Jerrez de la Frontera: Capital of the sherry
Haro: The stylish old city is the center of wine of Rioja Alta
Logroño: Most important city of La Rioja
Ribera del Duero: Historic region east of Valladolid recognized with many good red wines, which age groups are quite different
Penedès: Growing region on the Mediterranean coast to Barcelona
Navarra: Located in northern Spain at the foot of the Pyrenees, the Rosados of Navarra, as well as Chardonnay and Merlot wines are internationally in great demand.
Alella: Small-growing region north of Barcelona, from were pleasant, fresh and fruity wines are coming
Ribeiro: Growing region on the northern border of Portugal, inter alia with wines in a similar style as Portuguese Vinho Verde
Rueda: Small historic growing area west of Valladolid, source of fresh white wines etc. inter alia of Marques de Riscal
Marquès de Riscal: Best of Bodega of Rioja Alavesa, their white wines are the best in the region
Freixenet Cavas: Major producer of cava, the program includes Brut Nature, Reserva Real and Cordon Negro
Rioja: Includes the highlands on the Ebro in northern Spain, from where most of the best Spanish wines from around sixty wineries come, the area is in the following three areas divided: Rioja of Alava, north come from the Ebro, from that part fine, mostly light and slight, but especially spicy red wines, Rioja Alta, south extends from the Ebro and west of Logroño, where most of the finest and most balanced red and white wines and some rosé produced, Rioja Baja, located east of Logroño, are from here coarser, high alcohol Red wines delivered.